Earth First! Summer Gathering 2017

Don’t miss this year’s Earth First Summer Gathering that is happening just outside of London. Five days of skill sharing for grassroots ecological direct action – make links, share ideas and get involved in the struggles against fracking, new roads and more. There will be a prisoner support space and letter writing, as well as a workshop on toxic prisons. Plus a SoilHack workshop!

For full details visit: http://earthfirstgathering.org/

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Reclaim the Fields European Assembly 2017

Check out the call-out from Reclaim the Fields for the next European Assembly:
http://reclaimthefields.noflag.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/assembly2017-poster-1024x724.jpeg
You are invited to join the European assembly of Reclaim the Fields 2017, which will take place in Freiburg-im-Breisgau, Germany, between 18th and 22nd of January 2017. The meeting will be hosted by the community-supported agriculture project Gartencoop and will take place in the autonomous center “KTS”.

 

***About the assembly***

 

The  assemblies happen every year during winter. Generally they bring together people active in RTF constellation, but everybody is welcome. 
The goals of the assembly are:
  • meet and exchange information amongst the stars and local groups since last year;
  • exchange and debate on themes that matters to us across Europe and beyond;
  • to see where we are at with our European Reclaim the Fields constellation: what was decided last year, for what results, what we need to do to continue, and what future plans we have;
  • to have fun and build relationships between us!

 

The last European Assembly happened in January 2016 in Warsaw, Poland, and was hosted by the Radical Allotment Gardens, the Polish RtF star. You can check the last Reclaim the Fields Bulletin here.

 

***Registration form***

 

If you or your group will join the assembly please fill in the Registration Form. This is very important for the people that do the organisation, so that everything will be prepared good when participants arrive. 
If you have any suggestion for the program, there is a special place in the form where you can let us know in advance about it.

 

***Local context***

 

This year the assembly takes place in the so called “green-city” of Freiburg, Germany. The very contradictory ecologists-capital was strongly part of the uprising anti-nuclear movement, which started by empeaching the construction of a nuclear-plant at Wyhl in the 70’s. But even if throughout the 80’s a militant ecologist, squatting, feminist and antagonistic movement played an important role, social movements decreased progressively, like in most western-european towns, after the wall came down.

 

 
In our days, the 220.000 inhabitant city still has a big amount of alternative institutions and projects, for example in left media (rdl.de, cinerebelde.org, linksunten.indymedia.org), housing (syndikat.org, schattenparker.net), antira-struggle  (aktionbleiberecht.de, iz3w.org, freiburger-forum.net) or alternative food-production (gartencoop.org, lebensgarten-dreisamtal.de, luzernenhof.de).

 

But the “green rebels” from the 70’s are in power, in Freiburg and in the region, and keep cultivating the lie of green capitalism. They are bright actors, within the neoliberal and repressive evolutions we live in.

 

The people welcoming you are involved at the 300-household agricultural-cooperative GartenCoop as well as in different of the abovely named struggles. The social/autonomous Center KTS Freiburg exists since the mid-90’s and has been legalized about 18 years ago. The biggest part of the meeting will take place at the center – some of the program might be visiting farms and projects in the surroundings. We’ll shurely spend time at the asperagus, strawberry and corn-dominated countryside as well – and there is the black forrest in walking distance for walks and talks.

 

***Practical info***

 

Freiburg finds itself between Colmar, Basel and  Offenburg
and is best accessible by train and busses or the A5-motorway. (The two petrol-stations on the motorway are a bit shitty in therms of accessibility)

 

There are many airports in Zürich, Basel/Mulhouse or Strasbourg (all are between 45 and 70 minutes drive)

 

In Freiburg Bus no 11 and Tram no 5 (better) stops at “Pressehaus”. The KTS finds itself behind the railway-bridge above the main road, just  take the stairs to your left behind the bridge.

 

KTS, Baslerstrasse 103, 79100 Freiburg
+0049 /0/ 761 / 400 20 96

 

Depending  on the number of people, the accomodation will be decentralized. About 40 people could sleep at the KTS at most, others will stay at other housing-projects, wagenplatz or private flats. Accessibility for people with a disability is limited in the center. There are bathrooms and a  medium-size kitchen, computer-rooms, screen-printing and a free shop. We will have vegetables from the cooperative-farms and other friends. Hopefully the baking-cooperative can make bread for us.

 

***Contact***

 

Please spread this invitation to the stars in your region.

 

Anarchism & Permaculture: Why growing up an anarchist has made me a better permaculture designer

RTF ladyThe weekend after next two rad events are happening in my favourite city – Bristol Anarchist Bookfair and the National Permaculture Diploma Gathering. Both are usually two of my favourite events but unfortunately I don’t think I’ll be getting to either due to the ongoing pain in my intercostal muscles. So I thought the least I can do is shamefully promote them both.

This post intends to share my love for both anarchism and permaculture and why the relationship between them keeps me up at night.

I joined the Anarchist Federation and the Anarchist Youth Network as a young teenager (circa 13-14 years old). While a lot of people have a jaunt at socialism or the Green Party and other escapades and find themselves radicalised by increasing dissolution with liberal ideas, I found I dove into the deep end.

And so began a lifelong love affair with ideas and action that questioned the legitimacy and role of a state, the capitalist economic system and all other forms of intersecting oppression, like racism, sexism and human supremacy.

I hungered for an understanding of all the fucked up things I’d seen or gone through.

Anarchism was my first introduction to thinking in systems. For many, permaculture is revelatory because people start to connect dots and see in wholes. While I didn’t gain an informed ecological understanding of these concepts until studying permaculture, anarchism really opened my eyes to seeing the world in the contexts of relationships and interconnectivity.

As a kid you suck things up like a sponge. The books I read, conversations I had with elders, even the music I listened to… I was given the tools to observe social landscapes. To see the flows of power and domination in the world.

Observation is one of the founding principles of permaculture. This skill introduced itself in my life through the encouragement to observe ruthlessly and question critically. Every biased source or comment in every media article, every act of police brutality, every interaction with people surviving domestic abuse… All of these were intense exercises in observation as my anarchist worldview pushed me to try to understand root causes, systemic reasons for things and potential collective responses.

Permaculture is founded on three core ethics, which at times can feel frustratingly weak and unclear. However none of these ethical frameworks are new, when they have been at the core of social struggles for hundreds, if not thousands of years.

While the anarchist movement has its people care failings, especially relating to power and privilege, it’s always been for me the antidote to the brutal atomised dehumanising existence of modern capitalist society. Re-designing the world where people are prioritised over profit is a core goal of both anarchism and permaculture.

Earth care once again is an increasingly apparent frontline for those fighting domination, whether it’s communities fighting fracking, pipelines or nuclear power. I know that many incredibly dedicated anarchists are powerhouse community organisers in these struggles. It was anarchism that introduced me to ideas of human supremacy, animal liberation and radical ecology.

Finally ‘fair shares’ the most nebulous of the permaculture ethics is central to anarchist struggles to redistribute wealth. Anarchist values have inspired the establishment and ongoing experimentation in creating models that more evenly share power and resources, whether these are housing or food cooperatives or horizontal collective’s challenging the division of labour.

Another core principe of permaculture is using and valuing diversity. From its birth, anarchism has been a huge melting pot of ideas and influences, from Russian immigrants into the US to decolonisation struggles in India. Most exciting of all is that anarchism has resisted a platform or manifesto. There is no policed unification of ideas, that X is anarchism and this is the doctrine. While many criticise anarchism for this, I’ve always felt it’s its biggest strength. Anarchists have the political maturity and deep commitment to true liberation to know that there is no “one size fits all” solution. Yes there are patterns, principles and examples we can and must learn from. But we are in no position to be specialists in social change or tell people how to live.

Errico Malatesta was the first anarchist writer I read when I was a kid and it was his trusting of people and their capacity to self organise that really inspired me. He had little concern with proposing detailed descriptions of how we would organise society when we seized the means of production because he trusted that people are completely capable of working it out collectively (as they already do in so many areas of life).

Likewise with permaculture, there is a recognition that every system will be unique while understanding the usefulness of wider patterns. Permaculture embraces that there is health and richness in diversity, just like anarchism does in wider society(s).

permaculture-imageThe most visible offerings of permaculture to anarchists is a comprehensive toolbox of various practical solutions that can create more liberating ways of life. The most invisible to those less engaged or put off by permaculture’s image, but what I think is the most useful and transformational, is the design process.

The variety of tools and frameworks used to make strategic decisions and the overall design processes, have huge radical application. Imagine if every organiser just thought that little bit smarter about leverage, or if every collective re-designed themselves to integrate better people care to prevent burnout, or if whole social movements focused on re-designing aspects of society rather than just fighting fires. Learning about design and applying design to my life is probably one of the most transformational gifts I’ve ever been given (cheers HMP).

As an agroecologist, what excites me most about permaculture is that it is pioneering a totally different pattern of land use that can directly contest capitalist agriculture. How we get our food is central to upholding so many different pillars of oppression, from slavery and colonialism to wars over petroleum. Changing how we produce food and relate to the land could cascade and bring so many other revolutionary changes to our lives.

But without political literacy, and a commitment to understanding power relationships in our society, permaculture will not achieve its goals no matter how hard it tries. Sowing the seeds of permaculture, of a completely re-designed society and relationship to the land, into the fertile soil of anarchism that has been fed by hundreds of years of resistance in working for social change, maybe, just maybe, something truly revolutionary will grow.

To learn more about anarchism check out Bristol Anarchist Bookfair: http://www.bristolanarchistbookfair.org/

To learn more about permaculture check out my section here, or sites like the Permaculture Association, Permaculture Magazine or radical designers like Graham Burnett who are exploring more critically the politics of permaculture.

Report on the Reclaim the Fields European Winter Assembly in Warsaw

IMG_964021-24 January 2016 – at the ROD – Warsaw

A group of almost forty participants met over four days in the garden allotments squatted by the ROD collective in the suburbs of Warsaw.

We represented different land projects and forms of resistance across Europe, from Great Britain, Germany, Romania, France, Slovenia, Switzerland, Austria and of course Poland.

We had time for formal discussions in order to find out what stage the different projects in Reclaim the Fields are at: the new website which will soon replace the old, the writing of the 11th bulletin, the importance of using the current communication tools effectively before creating new ones, etc etc.

IMG_9692The other highlights of this assembly were :

  • discovering the social and agricultural context in Poland, with a focus on the garden occupation in ROD.
  • a discussion (with a brilliant video conference over Skype) about how to reinforce solidarity initiatives which aim to provide Kurdish and Syrian communities with non-hybrid seeds for vegetable gardens!
  • A discussion on how to act upon the necessity for a renewal of direct action tactics against GMO in Europe.
  • A projection of a short film about the current situation of agricultural projects in the ZAD in Notre Dame des Landes. Following this a communique was written from the European Assembly in support of the recently evicted peasants and to restate a clear rejection of any attempt to start work on the Zone.

The assembly ended with participation in a food distribution alongside Food Not Bombs Warsaw and followed by a small party at the ROD.

We were superbly hosted by our Polish friends, whose fight to occupy and revive the allotment gardens is inspiring. Do not hesitate to pass by and visit them in Warsaw… and to stay a while. Keep your ears open in case they are threatened by eviction.

Not forgetting to thank the people from the Syrena squat in the city center, as well as the BLA collective who provided the equipment for multilingual translation.

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Join the next Reclaim the Fields European Assembly in Poland in January 2016

RTF Assembly Web 2016 small

Join the next Reclaim the Fields European Assembly in Poland in January 2016!

When: Thursday 21st January – Sunday 24th January 2016
Where: Warsaw, Poland. Exact location will be announced closer to the date. Please book travel to Warsaw.

Why:
The goals of the assembly are:

  • To meet and exchange information amongst the stars and local groups since last year
  • To exchange and debate on a theme that matters to us across Europe
  • To see where we are at with our European Reclaim the Fields constellation: what was decided last year, for what results, what we need to do to continue, and what future plans do we have.
  • To have fun and build relationships between us!

The Assemblies generally bring together people already active in the RTF constellation (or those that are aware/informed on the dynamics and latest discussions of the network.) But everybody is welcome!

Why in Poland?

RTF Poland was created after the last European Assembly that took place in Nottingham (embed link – www.reclaimthefields.org.uk/2015/01/26/…. They have a lot of energy, have been making great actions and want to make stronger links with us. They are also interested in sharing experiences about way of actions, to spread some practices arount them. We also want to welcome them into the constellation! Read more about them below.

Get Involved

– to prepare the content :

  • Can you help with content preparation for the Assembly? ( prepare timetable, prepare facilitation, …)
  • Do you have suggestions for the debate?
  • Are you part of a working group? What are the needs of the working group at the gathering?
  • Do you have ideas for the next camp or assembly? Please prepare them & email them even as a basic idea.

if you have answer to one of this question, please send a mail to contactrtf@riseup.net

– to help the logistic
Help fundraise or financially contribute to the gathering! We would like to be abble to support people with travel costs that could otherwise not participate… every contribution is welcome !

Registration
We will share a link to an online registration form in December so we know how many people are coming & what we need to prepare.

Contact:
If you have any questions concerning logistics or content of the meeting please contact contactrtf@riseup.net

Language at the meeting/Interpretation

The meeting will be supportet by bla interpretation equipment collective. That means that we will have the facilities to make everyone listen and speak in the languages they feel most comfortable in. that way we want to help break down hierarchies due to language barriers. interpretors come out of the crowd – maybe also you would like to contrubute to the interpretation at the meeting!
in the registration form you’ll find space/a section to note you’re needs and wants and contrubution you might want to offer to the assembly.

About the hosts – ROD

ROD is an untranslatable play on words. Originally the shortcut R.O.D. menas Rodzinne Ogrody Działkowe (Family Allotment Gardens) but we translate it as Radykalne Ogrody Działkowe (Radical Allotment Gardens).

The main goals of ROD collective: The basic of existence our group is autonomous, voluntary and self-organized initiative, free from any kind of hierarchy and discrimination. The members of collective try to be involved in reclaim the fields movement by occupying and ecological using the area of the allotment gardens – to secure it from devastation by the developers.

Warsaw have particular conditions under land grabing context. The main tool using by big business to legally land grab is a process called “re-privatization”. It mean that Warsow City Council tries to “give back” all buildings and land to the descendants of pre-war owners. That means 80% of Warsow. Exactly the same amount of city was destroy after war, and rebuild by tenants and people from whole of Poland with public money. Now so called “developer companies” look up old descendants (or finding a false ones) buying for a ridiculous price rights to the buildings or lands from them and becoming new owners. One of the effects of this is now there is 600.000 empty business spaces in places when few years ago were townhouses. Further tens of thousands old flats are empty. At the same time in the outskirts of the city closed settlements are growing, built by the same companies.

Land which is occupied by ROD collective was grabbed under this re-privatization process. But to say that we are there because particular situation of this land would be too much. We just chose this place because it was good place to start spread info about Land grabbing and show sustainable living in practice, as well as occupy resistance tactics. Anyway, it was clear for us that sooner or later something would happen. The area was just too nice to be not interesting to some developers. So it is also true that even though we were not looking a conflict we were open to the possibility of finding it.

ROD is kind of laboratory where in a radical and friendly atmosphere we got knowledge and skills about planting vegatables and herbs, derive energy from renewable sources, food processing, constructing spaces, tools, things for everyday using and organizing a social life for the community and the neighborhood with using the different tactics of resistance and struggle against capitalism. We strive for self-sufficiency and sovereignty, and we work in accordance with the principle of do it yourself.

For more information about Reclaim the Fields Poland visit: reclaimthefieldspl.noblogs.org

Background to the Assemblies
We still understand RtF as an organizational constellation of stars which is in constant movement and process. Stars are persons, collectives or projects who/which share the RtFs values and relate themselves and their work to the RtF goals. The stars are organized and meet in local networks which are autonomous and have their own objectives. The local networks are the base of the RtF constellation since it is essential for RtF to work from the bottom up. Apart from the local networks, there are working groups and thematic groups.

On the European level there are three different kinds of meetings:

  • Functional meetings once a year during winter time. The objective is to get feedback from the working groups, plan the camp, get news from the local networks and have an exchange about what is happening in the different local contexts.
  • Thematic meetings take place whenever people/local networks/working groups organize one. The idea is to work on specific topics. This can be for example a discussion of concepts, an exchange on agricultural techniques and knowledge or the support of a local struggle.
  • European camps take place in summer and are bigger and take longer than the other meetings. The objective is to make RtF grow by ‘going to new places’, supporting local struggles and sharing skills, knowledge and ideas. The last camp took place in the UK against the mega prison (embed link – www.reclaimthefields.org.uk/2015/09/06/…

Read the last bulletin here for more info about we did at the last Assembly in Nottingham: reclaimthefields.noflag.org.uk/wp-conte…

FRANCAIS

Viens à la prochaine assemblée européenne de Reclaim The Fields en Pologne en janvier 2016 !

quand : du jeudi 21 au dimanche 24 janvier 2016
: Varsovie, Pologne. l’endroit exact sera annoncé plus tard, mais réservez dés maintenant votre trajet jusqu’à Varsovie.

Pourquoi ?
les objectifs de l’assemblée sont :
– rencontrer et échanger des informations entre les étoiles, les groupes locaux de ce qu’il s’est passé depuis l’année dernière
– échanger et débattre de thèmes qui nous intéressent à l’échelle européenne
– voir où on est au sein de la constellation de RTF : ce qui avait été décidé l’année dernière, ce qui en a résulté, ce qu’il y a besoin de faire pour continuer, et quels projets futurs on a
– s’amuser et construire des liens entre nous !

Les assemblées rassemblent généralement des personnes déjà actives dans la constellation de RTF ( ou celles qui sont au courant/informées des dynamiques et dernières discussions en cours au sein du réseau). Mais tout le monde est le-la bienvenu-e !

Pourquoi en Pologne ?
RTF Pologne a été créée à la suite de la dernière assemblée européenne qui a eu lieu à Nottingham … Il y a plein d’énergie, illes ont fait de belles actions, et ont envie de renforcer les liens ave RTF, et de partager des expériences autour de moyens d’actions pour les diffuser. On a envie de les accueillir dans la constellation !
(Plus de détails en dessous)

Pour participer

– pour le contenu

– souhaites tu participer à la préparation du contenu de l’assemblée ? ( préparation de programme, de la facilitation, …)
– est ce que tu as des suggestions de débats ?
– si tu fais partie d’un groupe de travail, quels sont les besoins de ce groupe pendant cette assemblée ?
-des idées pour un prochain camp ou une prochaine assemblée ? prépare les et envoies les mêmes si l’idée en est au début.

si tu as répondu oui à une de ces questions, envoie un mail à contactrtf@riseup.net

– pour aider la logistique
– participe au financement ou à la recherche de fonds ! on a envie d’être capable de soutenir les personnes que les frais de transports empêcheraient de venir..toute contribution est la bienvenue!

Inscriptions
On mettra un lien pour des inscriptions en ligne en décembre, pour savoir combien de personnes viendront et ce qu’il y a à préparer.

Contact :
si vous avez des questions concernant la logistique ou le contenu, contacte contactrtf@riseup.net

Language pendant les rencontres/traductions

Les rencontres disposeront de matériel de traduction simultanée grâce au collectif BLA.Cela signifie qu’il y aura des moyens pour que chacun-e puisse entendre et parler dans la langue dans laquelle il ou elle se sent le plus à l’aise. De cette manière, nous voulons participer à détruire les hiérarchies dues aux barrières linguisitiques. Les traducteur-trice-s viennent des participant-e-s : et peut être que toi aussi tu aura envie de participer à la traduction pendant les rencontres ! Lors de l’inscription, tu trouveras une rubrique dans laquelle indiquer de quoi tu as besoin et envie, et de quelle manière tu peux participer à la traduction pendant les rencontres.

A propos du collectif qui accueille – ROD

ROD est un jeu de mots intraduisibles. A l’origine, le sigle ROD signifie quelque chose comme “jardins familiaux” ( Rodzinne Ogrody Dzialkowe) mais nous l’avons transformé en “jardins radicaux” ( Radykalne Ogrody Dzialkowe).

Les objectifs principaux du collectif ROD : Le principe de l’existence de notre groupe est l’initiative autonome, volontaire et auto-organisée, libre de toute forme de hiérarchie et discrimination. Les membres de notre collectif essayent de participer au mouvement de reclaim the fields en occupant et en ayant un usage écologique de l’espace de ces parcelles de jardins – pour les protéger de la dévastation des promoteurs.

Il y a à Varsovie des conditions particulières dans le contexte d’accaparement des terres.Le principal outil utilisé par le monde des affaires pour s’accaparer légalement les terres est un processus appelé “re-privatisation”. Cela signifie que le conseil municipal de Varsovie essaye de “rendre” tous les bâtiments et terres aux descendants des propriétaires d’avant-guerre? Ce qui représente 80 % de Varsovie. Exactement la même proportion de ville qui a été détruite après la guerre et reconstruite par les locataires et la population de toute la Pologne avec de l’argent public. Maintenant, les soi-disants “compagnies de développement” cherchent de vieux descendants ( ou en trouvent des faux) pour leur acheter à un prix ridicule les droits sur les batiments et les terres et devenir les nouveaux propriétaires. Un des effets de ceci est qu’il y a maintenant 600 000 espaces commerciaux vides là où il y a peu d’année il y avait des maisons de ville. Plusieurs dizaines de milliers de vieux appartements sont vides. Dans le même temps, dans les banlieues de la ville, des quartiers cloturés apparaissent, construits par les mêmes entreprises.

La terre occupée par le collectif ROD a été accaparé par ce processus de re-privatisation. Mais dire que nous somme ici à cause de cette situation particulière serait excessif. Nous avons juste choisi ce lieu parce que c’était un bon endroit pour commencer à diffuser de l’information sur l’accaparement des terres et montrer des modes de vie durables en pratique, autant que des tactiques de résistance par l’occupation de terre. Quoiqu’il en soit, c’était clair pour nous que tôt ou tard, quelque chose allait se passer. La zone était juste trop belle pour ne pas intéresser quelques promoteurs. Alors c’est vrai aussi que même si nous n’étions pas à la recherche d’un conflit, nous étions ouverts à la possibilité d’en trouver un.

ROD est une sorte de laboratoire, où, dans une atmosphère amicale et radicale, nous acquiérons des connaissances et savoir-faire en plantation de légumes et plantes aromatiques, production d’énergie à partir de sources renouvelables, production alimentaire, construction d’espaces, d’outils, d’objet de tous les jours, et dans l’organisation d’une vie sociale pour la communauté et le voisinage en utilisant différentes tactiques de résistance et de lutte contre le capitalisme. Nous luttons pour l’autosuffisance et la souveraineté alimentaire et nous travaillons sur le principe de do-it-yourself.

Pour plus d’informations à propos de Reclaim The Fields Pologne, visite reclaimthefieldspl.noblogs.org

Contexte des assemblée

Nous comprenons RTF comme une organisation de constellation d’étoiles en mouvement et évolution constante. Les étoiles sont les personnes, collectifs ou projets qui partagent les valeurs de RTF et se sentent lié-e-s, personnellement ou par leurs pratiques aux objectifs de RTF. Les étoiles sont organisées et se rencontrent dans des réseaux locaux qui sont autonomes et ont leurs objectifs propres. Les réseaux locaux sont la base de la constellation de RTF, puisqu’il est essentiel pour RTF de partir de la base. En plus des réseaux locaux, il y a des groupes de travail et des groupes thématiques.

A l’échelle européenne, il y a trois niveaux différents de rencontres :

– des rencontres de fonctionnement, une fois par an en hiver. Les objectifs sont de faire des retours des groupes de travail, de préparer un camp, d’avoir des nouvelles des réseaux locaux, et d’échanger sur ce qu’il arrive chez chacun-e.

– des rencontres thématiques : qui ont lieu chaque fois que des personnes/réseaux locaux/groupes de travail en organise. L’idée est de travailler sur des sujets précis. Ca peut être par exemple des discussions théoriques, des échanges sur des techniques agricoles ou des connaissances ou le soutien à une lutte locale.

– des camps européens : qui ont lieu en été et qui sont plus grands et plus longs que les autres rencontres. L’objectif est de faire grandir RTF en “allant dans de nouveaux lieux”, pour supporter des luttes locales, partager des savoir-faire, des connaissances.
Le dernier camp a eu lieu en Grande Bretagne, contre une mégaprison.
( www.reclaimthefields.org.uk/2015/09/06/….

Pour en savoir plus sur la dernière assemblée à Nottingham :
reclaimthefields.noflag.org.uk/wp-conte…

DEUTSCH

Komm zum nächsten Reclaim the Fields-Treffen im Januar 2016 in Polen!

Wann: Donnerstag, 21. Januar – Sonntag, 24. Januar 2016

Wo: Warschau, Polen. Der genauer Ort wird noch bekanntgegeben. Plant eure Reise einfach nach Warschau.

Warum: Die Ziele des Treffens sind:
-Neuigkeiten seit dem letzten Treffen unter den Sternen und Lokalgruppen auszutauschen
-sich auszutauschen und über Themen diskutieren, die uns quer durch Europa beschäftigen
-sehen wo die RtF Konstellation gerade steht: was wurde letztes mal entschieden und was hat sich daraus entwickelt, was wollen wir weiterführen, welche Pläne schmieden wir für die
•    Zukunft
-Spaß zu haben und Beziehungen unter uns aufzubauen

Die Treffen sind dazu gedacht Menschen zusammen zu bringen die schon in Rtf aktiv sind (oder Menschen, denen die Dynamiken bekannt sind/die die letzten Diskussionen der Konstellation kennen.) Es sind aber nichtsdestotrotz alle willkommen!

Warum in Polen?
“Reclaim the Fields Polen” wurde nach dem letzten Treffen in Nottingham, UK, gegründet http://www.reclaimthefields.org.uk/2015/01/26/feedback-from-european-assembly/%29.  Die Menschen vor Ort haben viel Energie und großartige Aktionen gemacht, und haben Lust sich mit der RtF Konstellation weiter und stärker zu verknüpfen. Willkommen in der Konstellation!
Ihr könnt weiter unten mehr über sie lesen.

Mitmachen
-Kannst du bei der inhaltlichen Vorbereitung mithelfen?
-Möchtest du inhaltliche Punkte/Diskussionen/… einbringen?
-Bist du Teil einer Arbeitsgruppe: Was braucht/möchte die Arbeitsgruppe auf dem Treffen einbringen?
-Hast du Ideen für das nächste Camp oder das nächste Treffen? Bereitet euren Input dazu am besten vor und schickt es schonmal per email, auch wenn es nur eine erste Idee ist.
-Helft beim Fundraising/der Finanzierung des Treffens mit oder beteiligt euch mit Spenden! Wir möchten z.B. Menschen mit ihren Fahrkosten unterstützen, die sonst nicht kommen könnten.

Sprache/Dolmetschen auf dem Treffen
Das Treffen wird von bla, einem Dolmetsch-Equipment Kollektiv, unterstützt. Das bedeutet, die Möglichkeit zu haben, dass alle in der Sprache zuhören und sprechen können, in der sie sich am wohlsten fühlen. Auf diese Weise wollen wir versuchen Hierarchien zu brechen, die aufgrund von Sprache entstehen. Die Dolmetscher_innen kommen aus der Gruppe der sich treffenden – vielleicht hast du ja auch Lust das Dolmetschen beim Treffen zu unterstützen! Bei der Anmeldung gibt es die Möglichkeit deine Sprach-Bedürfnisse und eventuelles Dolmetschen das du anbieten möchtest anzugeben.

Anmelden
Es wird noch ein Link herumgeschickt werden unter dem mensch sich anmelden kann. Das ermöglicht uns auf die korrekte Anzahl Menschen vorzubereiten, sodass wir wissen wieviele Leute kommen und was vorbereitet werden muss.

Kontakt
Wenn du Fragen zum Treffen hast (z.B. zur Unterbringung oder Inhaltliches) schreibe an: contactrtf@riseup.net

Über die Gastgeber_innen ROD:
ROD ist ein unübersetzbares Wortspiel. ROD ist die Abkürzung für Rodzinne Ogrody Działkowe, was Familien Schrebergärten bedeutet. Aber wir haben es als Radykalne Ogrody Działkowe übersetzt: Radikale Schrebergärten.
Die Hauptziele des ROD Kollektivs sind:
Die Grundlagen der Gruppe sind autonome, freiwillige und selbstorganisierte Initiative, frei von jeder Hierarchie und Diskriminierung. Die Mitglieder des Kollektivs versuchen in der Reclaim the Fields Bewegung teilzuhaben indem sie das Areal der Schrebergärten besetzen und ökologisch nutzen um es vor der Zerstörung durch die Stadtentwickler_innen zu schützen.

Im Landgrabbing Kontext hat Warschau besondere Bedingungen. Das Hauptwerkzeug, das von großen Unternehmengenutzt wird um sich Land rechtlich abgesichert unter den Nagel zureißen, ist ein sogenannter „Re-Privatisierungs“-Prozess. Der Warschauer Stadtrat versucht Nachfahren von vor-Kriegs-Besitzer_innen Land und Gebäude „zurückzugeben“. Das betrifft ca 80% von Warschau. Der gleiche Prozentsatz der Stadt wurde im Krieg zerstört, und durch Mieter_innen/Pächter_innen und Menschen aus ganz Polen mit öffentlichen Geldern wieder aufgebaut. Jetzt erforschen sogenannte “Entwicklungsunternehmen” Nachfahren (oder finden Falsche) um ihnen Land oder Gebäude für einen lächerlichen Preis abzukaufen und die neuen Besitzer_innen zu werden.

Einer der Effekte den dies hat ist, dass jetzt 600.000 gewerbliche Immobilien leerstehen, wo einige Jahre zuvor noch Stadthäuser standen. Darüber hinaus stehen zehntausende alte Wohnungen leer. Zur gleichen Zeit wachsen an den Stadträndern geschlossene (private) Siedlungen, die von den gleichen Unternehmen gebaut werden.

Das vom ROD Kollektiv besetzte Land wurde sich von Unternehmen in diesem “Re-Privatisierungs”-Prozess gegriffen. Das ist aber nicht der einzige Grund für unsere Besetzung. Wir haben es ausgesucht weil es ein guter Ort war um anzufangen Informationen über Landgrabbing zu verbreiten und eine nachhaltige Lebensweise durch die Widerstands-Taktik Besetzung in der Praxis zu zeigen. Trotzdem war es für uns klar, dass früher oder später etwas passieren würde. Das Gebiet war einfach zu gut um nicht interessant für einige “Entwickler_innen” zu sein. Wir suchen aber nicht explizit nach Konflikt, sind aber durchaus bereit welchen zu haben.)

ROD ist eine Art Labor in dem wir uns in radikaler und freundlicher Atmosphäre Wissen und Fähigkeiten zu Gemüse- und Kräuteranbau, Energiegewinnung durch erneuerbare Ressourcen, Nahrungsmittelverarbeitung, Räume errichten, Werkzeugen, Dingen für den täglichen Gebrauch und der Organisierung eines sozialen Lebens der Gemeinschaft und Nachbarschaft anzueignen, indem wir die verschiedenen Strategien von Widerstand und Kampf gegen den Kapitalismus nutzen. Wir streben nach Selbstversorgung und arbeiten nach dem Do it Yourself -Prinzip.

Mehr Infos über Reclaim the Fields Polen auf: http://reclaimthefieldspl.noblogs.org

Hintergrund der RtF-Treffeng
Wir verstehen RtF als eine organisatorische Konstellation von Sternen, die ein Prozess und konstant in Bewegung ist. Sterne sind Personen, Kollektive oder Projekte, die die Ideen von RtF teilen und sich selbst und ihre Arbeit zu RtF-Zielen in beziehung setzen. Die Sterne sind lokal organisiert und treffen sich in lokalen Netzwerken, die autonom sind und ihre eigenen Ziele haben. Die lokalen Netzwerke sind die Basis der RtF-Konstellation, denn die Arbeit “von unten” ist wichtig für RtF. Neben den lokalen Netzwerken gibt es Arbeitsgruppen und thematische Gruppen.

Auf der “europäischen” Ebene gibt es drei verschiedene Treffen:

-Organisations-Treffen jährlich im Winter. Das Ziel hier ist feedback von den Arbeitsgruppen zu geben, das RtF-Camp zu planen, Neuigkeiten von den lokalen Netzwerken zu teilen, und einen Austausch darüber zu bekommen, was in den verschiedenen lokalne Kontexten geschieht.
-thematische Treffen gibt es wann immer Menschen/lokale Netzwerke/Arbeitsgruppen welche organisieren. Die Idee hierbei ist an spezifischen Themen zu arbeiten. Das kann z.B. eine Diskussion von Konzepten, Austausch landwirtschaftlicher Techniken und Wissen, oder die Unterstützung eines lokalen Kampfes (?) sein.
-Camps finden im Sommer statt und sind großer und länger als die anderen Treffen. Ziel ist RtF zu vergrößern indem wir an neue Orte gehen, lokalen Kämpfe unterstützen und Wissen und Ideen zu teilen. Das letzte Camp war in Großbritannien gegen einen Riesenknast – http://www.reclaimthefields.org.uk/2015/09/06/reclaim-the-fields-international-action-camp/%29

Hier findest du das letzte Buletin vom Treffen in Nottingham: http://reclaimthefields.noflag.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/bulletin10_1EN.pdf

From Animal Liberation to Food Sovereignty: Talk for the People’s Harvest Forum

I felt really humbled to be asked to present at the People’s Harvest Forum in San Francisco. I gave a talk over skype, which I’ve shared below. I was super inspired by the other speakers that I could hear and all the work they are doing towards food sovereignty and social justice for non humans. I would be really keen to organise a similar event in the UK. For more info about the forum check out: http://pplsharvest.org/

Potrero-Garden

From Animal Liberation to Food Sovereignty: A Personal Story

Hey Everyone,

I’d like to say a huge thank you for being invited, it is an honour to speak and I’m gutted I can’t be physically with you all right now! I’ve been asked to focus on my personal story and introduce some perspectives on food sovereignty/food justice from an animal liberation perspective.

In this talk I’ll introduce ‘where I’m at’ and what has led me to be organising for food sovereignty. Hopefully it will generate lots of questions for critical thinking and reflection.

So, I’m Nicole. I’m 27 and live over in Somerset in the South West of England. It’s a rural county with a large mix of large/industrial landowners, and more working class communities in the towns. People are increasingly pushed out of the countryside, unable to afford rents or participate in agriculture. The UK is an extremely class stratified society and this has had a huge influence on my life. I was brought up by a single mum on state benefits. We faced most things people face – poverty, domestic violence, poor mental health & lack of access to decent food or land. Before moving to Somerset at 10, I grew up on the outskirts of Bristol where one of the first Asda (walmart) stores was open. My Nan was a key caregiver in my life and as a result, I’d spend lots of time with her where she was from in the countryside. As a result, I had a lot of interactions with animal agriculture from a young age.

When I was 9 she took me to collect eggs from a local farm that was a battery farm. I remember seeing row upon row of hens in cages. The smell overwhelmed me and the emotional impact was intense. I went vegetarian and wrote to animal advocacy organisations asking what I could do to stop this horror. This began a big process of a politicization from a very young age. I started my first animal rights group at school when I was 10 (ironically I also started an amnesty international chapter, so prisoner support has been a huge current of my life for a long time too).

Around this time the SHAC Campaign started – Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty – it was a grassroots campaign to close down Europe’s largest animal testing company, Huntingdon Life Sciences, who kill 200,000 animals a year and mainly test fertilizers, pesticides, agricultural chemicals and so forth. At this time the animal liberation movement was on fire in the UK. Supplier after supplier to animal labs were being closed down through grassroots pressure and direct action. I wrote to SHAC aged 11 after getting their first newsletter, I did street stalls and made prank calls to companies. I went on their first national demonstration. It all kicked off, with riot cops, thousands of people tearing through the streets. People were wearing ALF t-shirts and talking about supporting prisoners. It was electric. It felt very working class, it felt powerful. I realised the feeling of power you can get working with others as part of a movement.

So that was my life for a long time. I worked three nights a week washing up in a pub while I was at school. The weekends I was hunt sabbing, or going to demos or organising with the Anarchist Youth Network. I eventually left home when I was 16 to do organising full time. My first partner got sent to prison when I was 16, and then a different partner when I was 18. Finally at 19, my door came through for the third time as I was raided by the police and arrested for ‘Conspiracy to Blackmail’.

32 homes had been raided, with the police whittling down to 12 of us that were charged. Three people were remanded to prison while the rest of us spent nearly two years on bail awaiting trial. The first six went through a 3 month trial and were found guilty. I later pleaded guilty and entered prison in March 2009. After 19 months on remand I was sentenced to 3.5 years in prison (with two years taken off due to my plea bargain, otherwise I would have done 5.5 years).

I won’t go into details of the case or charge right now for brevity’s sake, but they were basically aiming to link the above-ground work of the SHAC campaign with the underground actions of the animal liberation front. And to these ends, they were fairly successful. They’d spent 2.5 million keeping a handful of us under surveillance for two years. They criminalised us with new laws, and were very effective in their use of repressive tactics to stop the movement in its tracks.

Prison changed my life in untold ways. I’d lived in 21 houses by the time I was 18, being inside actually took away a lot of the poverty related stress I’d experienced growing up, being shifted about and worrying constantly about money. At the time, prison was the longest place I’d lived anywhere. I felt quite grounded and able to focus on my personal development.

Obviously it was also hellish in lots of ways. Abuse/violence/sexual predation from officers was rife. The levels of self harm and suicide attempts are unimaginable, and ultimately your freedom and life is completely controlled. You are quite literally caged.

I was determined to make the most of my sentence. I got a job working in the gardens in the jail. While it was mostly frustrating maintenance work, I finally convinced them to let us grow vegetables. So we started a garden in the main courtyard, and also a large herb & veg garden in the mother and baby unit. I applied for a grant & completed a distance learning certificate in horticulture, which included a permaculture design certificate.

In those walls I learnt about how patterns of land use have shaped societies. I learnt about everything from soil science to seed sovereignty. I devoured over 250 books and started to think even more critically about the world around me. I had always been concerned about agriculture due to my veganism, and also from fighting HLS customers, who were predominantly large agr companies, however for the first time I could actually see a viable alternative to capitalist agriculture.

In the UK you generally do half of your prison sentence inside, and half on probation (like parole in the US). If anything happens you get recalled back to prison. Three days before my release I was given my license conditions – that I couldn’t speak to anyone concerned with animal welfare, or work for animal welfare in anyway. My movements were to be totally controlled, internet access restricted. I had to get permission even to have a relationship with someone. My solicitors were unable to challenge these legally and so began 21 months of my life where I could no longer speak to my closest friends in the world, lovers or comrades.

This was almost harder than prison. In an attempt to politically and socially isolate you, many of my comrades completely dropped out of the movement. My ex-girlfriend had rinsed me of the money I’d saved for my release and probation told me either I live with my mother or I go to a bail hostel (nearly worse than prison). My mum had re-married after I left home. I was nervous of living with her partners, who had a pretty bad track record of being dominating abusive men. Her now current partner, Ian, had built his own house and accumulated some capital. He bought a small house with 4 acres of land, called Brook End, where I would have to live on release.

You’ll be pleased to know it has all worked out. Ian is one of the kindest men I’ve ever met. But here I am, having studied permaculture, suddenly with access to four acres of land. It was like a fairytale. So began a massive design process, that is of course ongoing. We observed the land for a year before preparing designs and making decisions. I built huge vegetable beds, where we now grow salad to sell, vegetables for courses and the family, fruit & more. I built a 30m2 medicinal herb garden. It’s a beautiful site with huge biodiversity and we manage it without animal manure or inputs from exploited animals.

I got further grants and completed a Diploma in Applied Permaculture Design and also worked to finish a degree in ecosocial design with Gaia University, a radical alternative education institution.

In March 2011 a call out went out for a group called Reclaim the Fields. I picked it up and edited their description, gave it to my probation officer, got permission and three months after prison I’m organising a national gathering to bring together anti-capitalist food growers.

Reclaim the Fields is a constellation of people and collective projects willing to go back to the land and reassume the control over food production.We are determined to create alternatives to capitalism through cooperative, collective, autonomous, real needs oriented small scale production and initiatives, putting theory into practice and linking local practical action with global political struggles.

I became active in the food sovereignty movement, organising local events and national gatherings. I worked with a local food charity doing food poverty work, teaching food growing & cooking in working class communities. Finally in 2013 I helped to start Feed Avalon, a workers cooperative dedicated to working for food justice in Street, Glastonbury and surrounding villages. Basically everything I’d been doing but in a more intimate area, where relationships can be more resilient and long term.

So beyond my personal story, how does animal liberation connect to food sovereignty? Are these worldviews complementary or conflictual?

I gotta be honest, and that it’s been a hard journey that has really revealed to me the complexities of social change and how to navigate different worldviews. In fighting fracking and unconventional gas exploitation in my local area, I’ve had to work with dairy farmers, do public meetings with large landowners, very aware that people that are opposed to the developments probably hunt foxes at the weekend.

In organising for food sovereignty, I’ve had to give out leaflets that speak of the rights of people to farm animals or fish (such as in the nyeleni declaration that highlights the rights of pastoralists or small scale fisher folk). I’ve had to sit next to farmers on courses that maybe send animals to slaughter. It’s been like political growing pains, emotionally difficult beyond belief. But I really believe, unless animal liberationists become part of defining new food systems in all their aspects – social justice, freedom for animals, ecological defense & restoration – that we will be left out of the conversation. I do believe we face a common threat that is the capitalist food system.

Imagine our power if we work in solidarity more with each other. Like at this gathering now, if we challenge gentrification, resist global corporations like Monsanto or challenge the environmental racism of factory farms for a handful of brief examples. I think the time is over for single issue campaigns or movements. We gotta work together more in every single way. For me, being an anarchist means attempting to eradicate all forms of domination. In a recent book I’ve been reading the author writes how “We don’t want to build an anarchist world. We want to build a free world.”

I believe we need to be present in food sovereignty movements. We need to create beautiful inspiring models of plant based food production, while also being active comrades in struggles for self determining communities, whether that’s tearing down the prison industrial complex, resisting gentrification or fighting GM. While active in these movements we can have an influence with our worldview that animals are not ours to ‘farm’, enslave, control, cage, slaughter, or accumulate wealth from. We can keep returning to the commonly supported idea that multiple forms of oppression intersect and demand an analysis and practice that recognises the totality of different forms of domination. I know from just being consistently involved in the food sovereignty movement in the UK that my presence has ensured vegan food, or the presence of the Vegan Organic Network at events for example. We need to be actively part of all of these events and conversations, for the sake of the nonhumans we are fighting for.

Like Nassim mentioned, we have to challenge the social norms that we have to default back to animal agriculture.

Learning about permaculture has made me really feel like I know what I’m wanting to create not just resist. If you’re unconvinced I’d just say go visit a permaculture farm somewhere that doesn’t farm animals. See the soils full of life. See the amount of birds and wildlife that are free and self-determining. Taste the vegetables. This is how we could be feeding ourselves. Animal oppression isn’t necessary. We can invest our organiser energy in re-designing the world to eradicate all forms of oppression, including the commodification and exploitation of animals. This is what my heart beats for.
Thank you for listening

Reclaim the Fields International Action Camp 2015

RTF Camp 2015 Small

About the camp

Reclaim the Fields (or RTF) UK was born in 2011, as a star in a wider constellation of food and land struggles that reaches around the globe. Since 2011, camps and other RTF gatherings have helped support local communities in struggle, share skills, developed networks, and strengthened the resistance to exploitation, in Bristol, west London, Gloucestershire, Nottingham and Fife among other locations.

Every two years there is also an international camp, where people from around Europe and beyond meet together to support a local struggle (from gold mining in Romania to open cast coal mining in Germany, for example). People share share stories and ideas about resistance and reclaiming our food system beyond national borders. This year, an international gathering will be held in the UK, in Dudleston, Shropshire, on the Welsh/English border.

The aims of the camp are:

  • To support local communities in the west and north west of England, and the north of Wales with their struggles against fracking
  • To increase participation in Reclaim the Fields
  • To demonstrate visible, active opposition to prison construction
  • To support Dudleston Community Protection Camp build a garden and infrastructure to become more self-reliant
  • To demonstrate the interconnection between these struggles
  • To inspire and radicalise everyone involved

What’s taking place?

  • Two days of Action – Tuesday 1st & Wednesday 2nd September – demonstrations & actions against companies involved in the construction of the North Wales prison, as well as local fracking-related targets.
  • Workshops & Skillshares – Over the bank holiday weekend there will be abundant opportunities to learn, share, discuss and connect with other people.
  • Building & Growing on the site – Be part of installing gardens & low impact infrastructure at the community protection camp. Learn about permaculture, agroecology, forest gardening, mushroom growing, pallet construction, compost toilet making, off-grid electrics and more.

Why this camp? Why now?

  • This camp has been organised to support the local community in Dudleston to resist fracking in their area (as well as working with other local anti-fracking groups & protection camps in the North West who have been resisting extreme energy developments for a number of years). To find out more about their struggle visit: http://frack-off.org.uk/blockade/dudleston-community-protection-camp/

Practical Information about the Camp

Click on the links below to find more practical information about the camp and how to get involved:

Getting involved

This is a DIY camp and everyone is needed to get stuck in to make it happen. People are needed to:

  • Support with publicity before the event – sharing the gathering online, putting posters up, encouraging your local group to get involved. People are also needed to help design the programme, respond to emails & plan facilitation.
  • Helping with site set up & building infrastructure (planning this in advance & being on site a few days before the gathering)
  • Signing up to a shift over the weekend to help with cooking, site set up & safety, being on the welcome tent & so forth
  • Supporting local groups to organise actions

If you can help with any of these tasks please email info@reclaimthefields.noflag.org.uk

Who are Reclaim the Fields?

We are a group of peasants, landless and prospective peasants, as well as people who are taking back control over food production.

We understand “peasants” as people who produce food on a small scale, for themselves or for the community, possibly selling a part of it. This also includes agricultural workers.

We support and encourage people to stay on the land and go back to the countryside. We promote food sovereignty (as defined in the Nyéléni declaration) and peasant agriculture, particularly among young people and urban dwellers, as well as alternative ways of life. In Europe, the concept ‘food sovereignty’ is not very common and could be clarified with ideas such as ‘food autonomy’ and control over food systems by inclusive communities, not only nations or states. We are determined to create alternatives to capitalism through cooperative, collective, autonomous, real-needs-oriented, small-scale production and initiatives. We are putting theory into practice and linking local practical action with global political struggles.

In order to achieve this, we participate in local actions through activist groups and cooperate with existing initiatives. This is why we choose not to be a homogeneous group, but to open up to the diversity of actors fighting the capitalist food production model. We address the issues of access to land, collective farming, seed rights and seed exchange. We strengthen the impact of our work through cooperation with activists who focus on different tasks but who share the same vision.

Nevertheless, our openness has some limits. We are determined to take back control over our lives and refuse any form of authoritarianism and hierarchy. We respect nature and living beings, but will neither accept nor tolerate any form of discrimination, be it based on race, religion, gender, nationality, sexual orientation or social status. We refuse and will actively oppose every form of exploitation of other people. With the same force and energy, we act with kindness and conviviality, making solidarity a concrete practice of our daily life.

We support the struggles and visions of la Via Campesina, and work to strengthen them. We wish to share the knowledge and the experience from years of struggle and peasant life and enrich it with the perspectives and strength of those of us who are not peasants, or not yet peasants. We all suffer the consequences of the same policies, and are all part of the same fight.

Read this in: French, German, Spanish

Earth First Summer Gathering

Don’t miss this year’s Earth First Summer Gathering in the UK. Five days of skill sharing for grassroots ecological direct action – make links, share ideas and get involved in the struggles against fracking, new roads and more.

For full details visit: http://earthfirstgathering.org/

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The World Bank’s Long War on Peasants

Militarization-of-Aguan_Peasant-eviction2-700x320
Eric Holt-Giménez and Tanya M. Kerssen | 04.20.2015

“The corporate revolution will collapse if we refuse to buy what they are selling—their ideas, their version of history, their wars, their weapons, their notion of inevitability.”  

—Arundhati Roy, War Talk

Founded at the historical seam between World War II and the birth of the Cold War, the World Bank’s purpose—then as now—is to spread capitalism across the globe. Correspondingly, the Bank has long promoted capitalist agriculture—alongside other rural extractive industries—at the expense of peasant, indigenous, and community-based food systems. And while the Bank’s interest in farming has waxed and waned over its more than six decades, in recent years it has shown a renewed interest in the importance of agriculture. Critics, however, point to the Bank’s complicity in a new feverish wave of global land grabs. And peasants around the world refuse to buy the World Bank’s notion of their inevitable demise.

The Green Revolution as Massive Global Land Grab

In its early years (1940s-1960s), while the World Bank financed rural infrastructure like large dams, it mostly ignored agriculture. Not until the 1970s did Bank President Robert McNamara (1968-81) call for investments in agriculture. Following his tenure as Secretary of Defense of the United States—during which Vietnamese peasants routed US forces in Southeast Asia—he became keenly aware of agriculture’s geopolitical importance. Under McNamara the World Bank partnered with the Rockefeller Foundation to massively expand the Green Revolution, which entailed transferring US-style industrial agriculture to the global South through debt-financed programs and infrastructure.

The Green Revolution spread rapidly throughout Asia and Latin America (it was mostly a failure in Africa), with dramatic increases in agricultural production. From 1970 to 1990, the two decades of major Green Revolution expansion, the total food available per person in the world rose by 11 percent. The benefits of this model, however, were poorly distributed and introduced profound social and environmental problems—arguably leading to more hunger, not less. In South America, for instance, per capita food supplies rose almost 8 percent, but the number of hungry people went up by 19 percent in the same period.

High-yielding crop varieties demanded high levels of chemical inputs and required fertile, irrigable land that could be mechanized. As a result, poor farmers were displaced from the best lands as wealthier farmers took advantage of new credit opportunities and input packages and expanded their landholdings. Millions of rural people migrated to the cities in search of work or sought out precarious farming opportunities on poor soils and fragile hillsides, joining the ranks of the poor and hungry.

The Neoliberal Turn and the Mounting Crisis

By the late 1980s, funding for agricultural development withered. The World Bank abandoned the state-led, debt-financed Green Revolution model as part of the larger shift to gut public institutions and put “development” in the hands of the private sector. In a reversal of early Green Revolution logic, the Bank enthusiastically supported the idea that poor countries should buy food from transnational corporations on the global market rather than grow it themselves.

The World Bank’s old, stale assumptions lingered; namely, that peasants should either get big (become large-scale commercial farmers) or get out of agriculture altogether.

It is difficult to overstate the degree to which the IMF and World Bank-promoted cocktail of liberalization, deregulation, and privatization contributed to extreme vulnerability for farmers and peasants. First, it turned mostly self-sufficient agricultural economies into import-dependent ones. Second, it removed safety nets small farmers had long relied upon while abruptly forcing them to compete with imports from industrialized countries like the United States. And third, it made it easier for wealthy investors—both foreign and domestic—to access land and resources without adequately protecting human rights and rural livelihoods.

This tinderbox of vulnerability detonated in 2007 when global food prices spiked and food riots broke out around the world. Between 2007 and 2008, the world’s hungry jumped from 850 to 982 million people—mostly peasants and small farmers. World Bank President Robert Zoellick called for a “New Deal for a Global Food Policy” announcing, among other things, new loans for governments to purchase seeds, fertilizers, and irrigation improvements. Two decades of ignoring and defunding agriculture, it seemed, were drawing to a close—a suspicion confirmed when the Bank released its first comprehensive report on agriculture in 25 years: the 2008 World Development Report: Agriculture for Development.

But the Bank’s old, stale assumptions lingered; namely, that peasants should either get big (become large-scale commercial farmers) or get out of agriculture altogether. The implied prescription is yet another massive transfer of land and resources away from the world’s 2.5 billion peasants to large capitalist firms, while remaining agnostic about the fate of this mass of people—roughly a third of humanity.

The World Bank in the “New” Land and Resource Grabs

Looking at the Bank’s history and guiding assumptions, it is unsurprising to find it heavily implicated in what some are calling the “new” land and resource grabs. Sparked in part by the 2007-2008 food and financial crisis, a global wave of largely speculative investments and dispossession has affected upwards of 86 million hectares of land worldwide (with some estimates as high as 227 million hectares). The Bank facilitates these land grabs in a number of interrelated ways: low-interest loans to agribusiness and other land-based industries; investment guarantees and insurance; loans to governments for investor-friendly infrastructure like roads and dams; and technical advice on how to reform regulatory regimes to attract foreign investment.

1,000 World Bank projects approved between 2004 and 2013 forced 3.4 million people from their homes, grabbed their land, or damaged their livelihood.

Beyond agriculture, these activities support a whole slew of industries that restructure the countryside as a site of dirty extraction and capital accumulation instead of community health and wellbeing. These include timber, mining, fisheries, tourism, energy, and plantation agriculture (including agrofuels)—industries that either expel peasants from their territories or contaminate the land and water they depend on. Of course, once rendered poor and landless, former peasants are enlisted as cheap labor for the very industries that uprooted them. This, for the World Bank, is what constitutes “job creation” and “development.”

Many cases of land grabbing occur in countries with political instability and weak governance with regard to monitoring and regulating land deals—largely due to over two decades of World Bank-promoted structural adjustments that decimated government capacity. For instance, human rights and environmental activists have heavily criticized the Bank for promoting the expansion of mining in places like Haiti, where it has been assisting the government since 2013 in drafting new mining laws intended to attract foreign investment to a high-risk industry without applying social or environmental standards, transparency, or consultation mechanisms.

Perhaps the most egregious cases of World Bank-facilitated land grabbing have occurred under the auspices of the Bank’s private sector lending arm, the International Finance Corporation (IFC). The IFC recently came under fire for a $30 million loan package to the Dinant Corporation in Honduras, associated with the illegitimate acquisition of peasant lands for palm oil production and the killings of local community members. Half of the loan was disbursed to Dinant only four months after a military coup—supported by the country’s landowning and business elite—threw the country into political turmoil, including heavy peasant repression.

Further, a new report by Oxfam details the IFC’s increasing use of third parties such as banks or private equity funds to channel development money—$36 billion between 2009 and 2013 or 62 percent of IFC spending. This allows the IFC to distance itself from development outcomes such as human rights abuses, environmental impacts, and displacement.

Remarkably, the Bank doesn’t keep even basic statistics on the number of people displaced by its projects. A review of the Bank’s “Involuntary Resettlement” program completed in mid-2014 revealed that the status of displaced people was unknown for 61 percent of sampled Bank-funded projects. Based on this inadequate data, the Bank estimates that half a million people have been displaced due to its 218 active projects—with no clear idea of how many of those received compensation or new land. A separate 11-month investigation by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists found that 1,000 projects approved between 2004 and 2013 forced 3.4 million people from their homes, grabbed their land, or damaged their livelihood.

This year, peasants mobilize against transnational companies and free trade agreements, watchwords of the World Bank’s longstanding development model and weapons in its ongoing war on peasants.

While Bank President Kim stated that “additional efforts must be made to build capacity and safeguards related to land rights,” a leaked draft of new World Bank social and environmental safeguards showed just the opposite. Most shockingly, notes a statement endorsed by over 100 human rights organizations and experts:

“The draft Framework provides an opt-out option for governments who do not wish to provide essential land and natural resource rights protections to Indigenous Peoples within their States. This regressive clause, if adopted, would represent a wink and nod by the World Bank to governments that they should not feel compelled to respect international human rights law, and can violate the fundamental right to land, territories, and resources…”

Peasants Vs. the Bank

Much has changed since the World Bank was founded in 1944. In spite of rising hunger, wealth inequality, and land concentration, there has been a remarkable growth in peasant mobilizations around the world—perhaps most notably the international peasant confederation La Vía Campesina now comprising over 150 member organizations in 70 countries representing some 300 million farmers. Each year on April 17, La Vía Campesina recognizes the “International Day of Peasant Struggle” in recognition of 19 peasant members of Brazil’s Landless Workers Movement (MST) who were assassinated by large landowners and military on April 17, 1996. This year, peasants mobilize specifically against transnational companies and free trade agreements, watchwords of the World Bank’s longstanding development model and weapons in its ongoing war on peasants. As La Vía Campesina celebrates its hard-fought struggle for food sovereignty, agroecology, and the right to land with actions around the world, it reminds us that farmers and peasants refuse to buy the Bank’s notion of their inevitable disappearance.

This article was first published by TeleSUR. 

Urgent call out for support from Yorkley Court Community Farm

519970.jpg.indyscaledSupport needed at Yorkley Court Community Farm. Community before profit!

We have been given a date when county court bailiffs will come to evict us, which is

Thursday 26th March at 10am

Whether or not they actually try to evict us on this day, we expect that they will at least show up. It would be good to have a lot of people here and to be ready for whatever might happen.

What you can do:

In the case of eviction, there are a variety of roles that people can take on, both on and off site, including support roles such as cooks, legal observers, medics and arrestee support.

As well as people on the ground for practical solidarity, monetary donations and resources are much appreciated.

Contact details:
site address – Yorkley, GL15 4TZ
email – yorkleycourt@gmail.com
wish list – https://yorkleycourt.wordpress.com/wish-list/
go fund me – http://www.gofundme.com/mr9arc
site phone number – 07522 025 889
twitter – @yorkleycourt

How to find latest news:

Updates are regularly going up on our website (https://yorkleycourt.wordpress.com/) which also gives details of how to find us, and on our Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/YorkleyCourtCF)

Background:
Yorkley Court is a sustainable farm in the Forest of Dean where for the last three years we have been living and working to turn a neglected piece of land into a community farm, with activities open to local people. At the same were also trying to stop a land grab that was in progress. But this project is now under threat. A few months ago, a millionaire property developer “bought” the land under questionable circumstances, was granted a possession order through the courts, and now wants to evict us from the land.

We have already beaten an eviction attempt by this property developer once, with your help we can see him off again!

We’re inviting any interested people to come occupy the land with us. Come live in the woods, build awesome treehouses, participate in skill-shares, learn about sustainable living, resist eviction, and join us in fighting for access to land.

We are here, we are determined and we will not leave quietly.